Melanocytes, which are in our skin cells, are responsible for generating pigmentation. The black patches on our skin are a result of deposits of this pigment. Prolonged exposure to sunlight is the source of many hyperpigmentation problems.
Others may be caused by hormonal changes brought on by menopause, pregnancy, or the use of birth control pills. While some types of hyperpigmentation may be genetic disorders, others may be brought on by outside sources like acne or wounds that heal with dark patches, etc.
What Kinds Of Pigmentation Are There?
Freckles, melasma, Hori’s Naevus, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are a few examples of different types of pigmentation (PIH).
Freckles are little brown patches that commonly appear on the skin. Most freckles are not dangerous, and they develop as a result of excessive melanin synthesis.
Ephelides: Although mostly influenced by genetics, this is triggered by exposure to the sun. They often deepen in the summer and lose their color in the winter.
A bigger kind of freckle brought on by sun exposure and sunburns is called solar lentigo.
Melasma is known for afflicting pregnant women because to elevated amounts of the hormones estrogen and progesterone and is also known as the “mask of pregnancy.” They appear as flat, brown, or blue-gray spots. It is also known as chloasma.
Hyperpigmentation After an Inflammation (PIH)
After an inflammation, like a pimple, has healed, these black patches on the skin are left behind. Too much melanin is produced by the skin when it heals, darkening and discoloring the skin. The skin naturally reacts to inflammation in this way. All skin types may develop PIH, however, those with medium to dark skin tones tend to experience it more severely or for a longer period of time.
Why Does Hyperpigmentation Occur?
Overexposure to the sun, skin irritation, hormonal influences, and certain medical problems are the major causes of hyperpigmentation.
Your body creates melanin to defend your skin from extended sun exposure; as a consequence, age spots, which are dark spots or patches, emerge on your skin.
Your body will normally cure itself after an infection like acne or eczema or an injury to the skin, which may leave dark patches surrounding the affected area. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is more likely to occur in those with darker skin tones.
Hyperpigmentation may sometimes be an indication of an illness along with other signs and symptoms including exhaustion, weight loss, and stomach discomfort.
What Does Laser Pigment Removal Involve?
Based on a laser platform that has received FDA approval, the pigmentation removal laser treatment works. It is capable of curing a range of brown and red skin discolorations and employs the well-known laser type, Nd:YAG.
The pigment found in the skin, melanin, is specifically targeted by the laser light. To break apart the pigments, the laser light is supplied very quickly—within a millionth of a second.
The laser’s wavelength may be changed to treat freckles, sun spots, melasma, tattoos, pores, uneven skin tone, and rosacea.
How is the Laser Treatment for Pigmentation Removal Done?
Before the process, your skin must first be cleaned to eliminate impurities. Next, eyeshields are used to protect your eyes.
Lasers are comfortable and not unpleasant. When using higher levels of energy, such as when treating tattoos or birthmarks, numbing cream will be administered. For the majority of people with sun-induced pigmentation, the operation is painless and requires little recovery time.
The face pigmentation laser has a very static feeling, and you could feel some warmth. Following the pigmentation removal treatment, some redness and swelling are normal, and the effects quickly go off.